Valium is a widely used sedative and anti-anxiety drug belonging to the class of benzodiazepines. Valium is a major benzodiazepine among other tranquilizers, widely used in medical practice. The drug has a sedative, hypnotic, anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant and amnesic effects. The medicine enhances the action of hypnotics, narcotics, antipsychotic, analgesic drugs, and alcohol.
Valium is one of the most essential drugs that enter the minimum set of drugs needed in the health system. The drug is used, inter alia, to treat anxiety, insomnia, epileptic seizures, muscle spasms, alcohol dependence. Valium is also implemented in preparation for some medical procedures such as endoscopy; Valium is used to calm down the patient in cases of traumas and major injuries or as anesthesia.
The drug and its major metabolites are primarily removed with the urine.
Valium is prescribed for various neuropsychiatric disorders: neuroses, psychopathy, as well as neurosis and psychopathic states in schizophrenia, organic brain lesions, including those accompanying cerebrovascular diseases, somatic diseases accompanied by signs of emotional stress, anxiety, fear, increased irritability, coenesthetic, obsessive and phobic disorders, sleep disorders. The medicine is also used for relieving the psychomotor agitation and disturbing agitation pertaining to these diseases.
In the pediatric psycho-neurological practice Valium is prescribed for neurotic and neurosis-like states, accompanied by the above phenomena, as well as headaches, enuresis, mood disorders and behavior.
Valium is used to treat epilepsy of convulsive paroxysms, mental equivalents for reduction of status epilepticus. In connection with muscle-relaxant the drug is also used in various spastic conditions. Valium is sometimes prescribed as a part of therapy for the patients with alcohol abuse history in combination with other medications for the treatment of withdrawal syndrome.
Copyright (c) 2007-2013